Why Dog DNA Extraction?
Dog DNA profiling may be done for a variety of reasons; determining breed is the main objective of many canine DNA tests. However, dog DNA tests can also be performed to determine the ancestry of the dog, rule
out/confirm if a dog is a member of a dangerous or aggressive breed, help to understand dog behavior, and explore possible genetic anomalies for the predisposition to diseases such as cancer.
How to Extract Dog DNA
DNA tests can be carried out on a variety of canine cell and tissue samples. Dog DNA can be extracted from the animal’s blood, hair samples, or from a sample taken with a sterile swab brushed on the inside of the dog’s cheek. This last method is perhaps the easiest to perform, can be done at home, and is painless for the animal. There are a number of dog DNA testing kits that owners can use in their own home, before sending off samples to a laboratory. Easy to understand instructions are usually provided.
Blood sampling requires a trip to the vets, thus, increasing the costs of DNA testing.
Where is Dog DNA Testing Done?
Once the biological sample has been taken, you need to submit it to specialized labs where the DNA test will be performed. Currently there are a variety of laboratories that can perform the DNA tests. If you Google “Dog DNA test” you probably will come up with 2 of the most popular companies that perform dog DNA tests:
The Wisdom Panel MX Mixed Breed Analysis (Mars Veterinary, a subsidiary of food giant Mars Inc.) which needs a blood sample. Results are said to be available in 2-3 weeks. The company uses a database of 134 breeds. Costs: $125