Veterinary hospital studies have shown that there is an increase in antibiotic resistance with common bacteria: Staphylococcus species, E. coli, Enterococcus, Acinetobacter, Clostridium difficile and Salmonella typhimurium.
Animals are more likely to become infected with these bacteria than people- they are closer to the ground, and will consume whatever is on it.
One study swabbed veterinary clinics, and found: OVER 90% of swabs positive for E. coli, 50% for Clostridium difficile,- other bacteria found were methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), methicillin resistant S. pseudintermedius (MRSP) and Salmonella.
Baceria being spread from pets to people
MRSA and Clostridium are bacteria that can be spread to people from animals- the origins of this can be the veterinary clinic.
Antibiotic Drug Resistance
Drug resistance is a serious problem in veterinary and human medicine.
This highlights the need for PROPER use of antibiotics to prevent further antibiotic resistant strains.
This resistance happens when concentrations of antibiotic are not high enough to kill all bacteria present. Being exposed to low levels of antibiotic allows bacteria to change, and become resistant.
Antibiotics are very important, and have a huge place in veterinary medicine, but they are being misused, abused and overused in many cases.
In many instances antibiotics could be avoided- I recall many a case in which a sneezing cat with most likely some type of viral upper respiratory tract infection was prescribed amoxicillin, clavamox, or azithromycin.
Seriously consider alternatives, and only use the antibiotics when necessary.
If possible, avoid having your pet hospitalized, you’ll lessen the exposure to the common veterinary pathogens.
Heal your pet at home!
Dr Andrew Jones, DVM
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